Activities of membrane bound phosphatases, transaminases and mitochondrial enzymes in white spot syndrome virus infected tissues of Fenneropenaeus indicus

K. Mohankumar, P. Ramasamy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Disease caused by viruses, especially white spot syndrome virus (WSSV), present the greatest challenge to shrimp aquaculture worldwide. Massive tissue disintegration occurs in WSSV-infected ectodermal and mesodermal tissues of penaeid shrimp. The activities of membrane bound phosphatases (Na+K+ATPase, Ca2+ATPase, Mg2+ATPase and Total ATPase), transaminases (alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST)) and mitochondrial enzymes (isocitrate dehydrogenase (ICDH), succinate dehydrogenase (SDH), malate dehydrogenase (MDH), α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase (KGDH), NADH dehydrogenase, cytochrome C oxidase) in WSSV-infected tissues (hemolymph, hepatopancreas, gills and muscle) of Fenneropenaeus indicus were determined at intervals after WSSV infection (0, 24, 48, 72 and after 72 h (moribund)). The activities of phosphatases, transaminases and mitochondrial enzymes in healthy as compared with WSSV-infected hemolymph, hepatopancreas, gills and muscle showed marked divergence throughout the course of infection. WSSV infected hemolymph, hepatopancreas, gills and muscle exhibited significantly reduced activity of membrane bound phosphatases compared with the uninfected animals. Inactivation of these enzymes may occur due to increased production of free radicals, that cause conformational change by oxidation of 'SH' groups present at the active site. Significantly marked elevation in the activities of transaminases (ALT and AST) was observed in WSSV-infected hemolymph, hepatopancreas, gills and muscle compared to the uninfected tissues. This may be due to leakage of these enzymes from the damaged tissues. The activities of mitochondrial enzymes in WSSV-infected tissues were significantly decreased compared to the activities in uninfected animals. WSSV-infected animals showed reduced feeding that may have led to decreased oxidation of glucose via the TCA cycle. Excessive production of free radicals in WSSV-infected animals may have affected aerobic oxidation leading to lower production of ATP. It is concluded that membrane dynamics play a major role in the pathogenesis of WSSV infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)130-135
Number of pages6
JournalVirus Research
Volume118
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fenneropenaeus indicus
  • Mitochondrial enzymes
  • TCA cycle enzymes
  • White spot syndrome virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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