Activities of dual combinations of antibiotics against multidrug-resistant nontuberculous mycobacteria recovered from patients with cystic fibrosis

Matthew Schwartz, Stefanie Fisher, Elizabeth Story-Roller, Gyanu Lamichhane, Nicole Parrish

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) are at risk for recurrent pulmonary infections due to increased viscosity of airway secretions, leading to persistent colonization with pathogenic bacteria, including nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). Extensive antibiotic use for treatment of infections has led to increasing antimicrobial resistance, which is a significant barrier to the treatment of NTMs. We examined the in vitro activity of several antibiotics against a selection of the most drug-resistant clinical isolates of Mycobacterium abscessus, Mycobacterium chelonae, and Mycobacterium avium complex recovered from CF patients at our institution, as well as paired combinations of antibiotics against a subset of M. abscessus strains, to determine whether they exhibit synergy in inhibiting bacterial growth. Most isolates displayed resistance to at least six of the nine antibiotics tested for which phenotypic interpretation is available, and elevated minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were observed for many of the other drugs. The major exception was clofazimine, which had relatively low MICs for most isolates across all species. When synergy testing was performed by using paired combinations of drugs, clofazamine and clarithromycin exhibited 100% synergy for all combinations tested, as did amikacin, with the exception of one isolate. These results suggest that synergistic antibiotic combinations are capable of overcoming drug resistance in vitro, and laboratories might consider implementation of synergy testing in multidrug-resistant (MDR)-NTM organisms to guide treatment decisions in the setting of extensive antimicrobial resistance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1191-1197
Number of pages7
JournalMicrobial Drug Resistance
Volume24
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2018

Keywords

  • antibiotic synergy
  • clofazimine
  • nontuberculous mycobacteria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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