Purpose: To develop an "active" (receiver-coil) clinical-grade guidewire with enhanced visibility for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and favorable mechanical characteristics for interventional MRI procedures that require conspicuous intravascular instruments distinguishable from surrounding tissues. Materials and Methods: We designed a 0.035-inch guidewire combining two antenna designs on separate channels. A loop antenna visualizes the tip and a dipole antenna visualizes the whole shaft. We compared mechanical characteristics of this guidewire with x-ray alternatives and tested MRI performance at 1.5T in vitro and in vivo in swine. Results: Images reflected tip position within 0.97 ± 0.42 mm and afforded whole-shaft visibility under expected conditions without sacrificing device size or handling. We report tip stiffness, torquability, and pushability comparable to commercial interventional guidewires. Conclusion: Our clinical-grade 0.035-inch active guidewire is conspicuous under MRI and has mechanical performance comparable to x-ray interventional guidewires. This may enable a range of interventional procedures using real-time MRI.
- Active instrument
- Catheterization methods
- Equipment design
- Interventional magnetic resonance imaging methods
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging