Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and neuropeptide Y (NPY) in dorsal root ganglia (DRGs) are known to be upregulated and to contribute to the mechanisms of neuropathic pain following peripheral nerve injury. Moreover, transcription factor c-Jun regulates the expressions of both VIP and NPY in cultured DRG neurons. To elucidate the role of c-Jun in the induction of neuropathic pain hypersensitivity, we examined whether activated c-Jun affects pain behavior and the expressions of VIP and NPY following chronic constriction injury (CCI) of rat sciatic nerve. Intrathecal treatment with c-jun antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (AS-ODN) significantly reduced mechanical allodynia, but not thermal hyperalgesia following CCI. In addition, c-jun AS-ODN also suppressed the remarkable elevations of VIP and NPY mRNAs and the percentages of phosphorylated c-Jun-, VIP-, and NPY-immunoreactive neurons observed in DRGs following CCI. These results show that the activation of c-Jun in DRGs induces VIP and NPY upregulation and contributes to the pathogenesis of neuropathic pain following CCI.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental Neuroscience