Previous studies have demonstrated that the interaction of (±)-trans-7,8-dihydroxy-7,8-dihydrobenzo[a]pyrene [(±)-B[a]P-7,8-diol] with 12-0-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-stimulated human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) elicited genotoxic effects in bacteria and mammalian cells. Structure-activity studies with various polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon derivatives suggest that a diolepoxide intermediate(s) was being formed from this chemical-cell interaction. In this study, we demonstrate by stereochemical analysis of tetraol products that primarily anti-diolepoxides are being formed from (±)-B[a]P-7,8-diol by TPA-stimulated PMNs with an anti/syn ratio of 6. Likewise, a myeloperoxidse (MPO)-H2O2 system generated primarily anti-diolepoxides of B[a]P-7,8-diol with an anti/syn ratio > 5. Such ratios are indicative of the epoxidation of B[a]P-7,8-diol via a peroxyl radical or a ferryl oxygen transfer-mediated reaction. Addition of azide, an MPO inibitor, resulted in decreased tetraols from B[a]P-7,8-diol by PMNs or the MPO system. These studies further support the concept that the activation of B[a]P-7,8-diol by PMNs could create a highly localized genotoxic environment which could impact on human health.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research