Activation of MrgC receptor inhibits N-type calcium channels in small-diameter primary sensory neurons in mice

Zhe Li, Shao Qiu He, Qian Xu, Fei Yang, Vinod Tiwari, Qin Liu, Zongxiang Tang, Liang Han, Yu Xia Chu, Yun Wang, Niyada Hin, Takashi Tsukamoto, Barbara Slusher, Xiaowei Guan, Feng Wei, Srinivasa N. Raja, Xinzhong Dong, Yun Guan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Mas-related G-protein-coupled receptor subtype C (mouse MrgC11 and rat rMrgC), expressed specifically in small-diameter primary sensory neurons, may constitute a novel pain inhibitory mechanism. We have shown previously that intrathecal administration of MrgC-selective agonists can strongly attenuate persistent pain in various animal models. However, the underlying mechanisms for MrgC agonist-induced analgesia remain elusive. Here, we conducted patch-clamp recordings to test the effect of MrgC agonists on high-voltage-activated (HVA) calcium current in small-diameter dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. Using pharmacological approaches, we show for the first time that an MrgC agonist (JHU58) selectively and dose-dependently inhibits N-type, but not L- or P/Q-type, HVA calcium channels in mouse DRG neurons. Activation of HVA calcium channels is important to neurotransmitter release and synaptic transmission. Patch-clamp recordings in spinal cord slices showed that JHU58 attenuated the evoked excitatory postsynaptic currents in substantia gelatinosa (SG) neurons in wild-type mice, but not in Mrg knockout mice, after peripheral nerve injury. These findings indicate that activation of endogenously expressed MrgC receptors at central terminals of primary sensory fibers may decrease peripheral excitatory inputs onto SG neurons. Together, these results suggest potential cellular and molecular mechanisms that may contribute to intrathecal MrgC agonist-induced analgesia. Because MrgC shares substantial genetic homogeneity with human MrgX1, our findings may suggest a rationale for developing intrathecally delivered MrgX1 receptor agonists to treat pathological pain in humans and provide critical insight regarding potential mechanisms that may underlie its analgesic effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1613-1621
Number of pages9
JournalPain
Volume155
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

Keywords

  • Calcium channel
  • Dorsal root ganglion
  • MrgC
  • Nerve injury
  • Pain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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