Placental site trophoblastic tumor (PSTT) is a gestational neoplasm derived from the extravillous (intermediate) trophoblast of the implantation site. PSTT is characterized by a highly invasive phenotype, but the molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. In this report, we demonstrate that PSTTs expressed the activated (phosphorylated) form of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in 84% of cases, whereas the normal extravillous trophoblastic cells did not. To characterize the role of MAPK activation in PSTT, we established the first PSTT cell culture, IST-2, from a surgically resected PSTT. IST-2 cells expressed HLA-G and Mel-CAM but not E-cadherin, an immunophenotype characteristic of PSTT. IST-2 cells were highly motile and invasive in culture as compared to choriocarcinoma JEG-3 cells and normal extravillous trophoblastic cells. Based on wound assay, time-lapse videomicroscopy for cell tracking, and invasion chamber assays, we found that the motility and invasion of IST-2 cells were significantly reduced (P < 0.01) after treatment with the MEK inhibitors CI-1040 and PD59089, which prevent activation of MAPK. In contrast, neither compound had any effect on normal extravillous trophoblastic cells or JEG-3 cells. In conclusion, our findings demonstrate a functional role of MAPK activation in the motility and invasion of PSTT.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine