Activation of Langerhans cells promotes the inflammation in imiquimod-induced psoriasis-like dermatitis

Chunying Xiao, Zhenlai Zhu, Shuhong Sun, Jixin Gao, Meng Fu, Yufeng Liu, Gang Wang, Xu Yao, Wei Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Langerhans cells (LCs) are epidermis-resident dendritic cells that sense and mediate stimuli from skin and outside world, and participate in various skin diseases, playing either pro-inflammatory or regulatory roles. However, the exact function of LCs in the pathogenesis of psoriasis remains unclear, and the conclusions of previous studies are controversial. Objectives To explore the role of LCs in mouse model of imiquimod (IMQ)-induced psoriasis-like dermatitis using langerin-diphtheria toxin A (DTA) mice that are constitutively deficient in LCs. Methods IMQ (Aldara) was painted on the skin of mice to produce psoriasis-like dermatitis, and inflammation was evaluated by gross ear thickness, histopathology, flow cytometry and cytokine production. Bone marrow transplantation and fluorescein isothiocyanate tracing were applied to access the migration of LCs. Results The severity of IMQ-induced dermatitis in langerin-DTA mice was significantly lower than that of wild-type mice, as evidenced by decreased level of ear thickness, inflammatory cell infiltration (γδ T cells and neutrophils) and inflammatory cytokine expression (IL-17, IL-22, IL-23 and tumor necrosis factor-α). After application with IMQ, LCs expanded in epidermis and showed increased expression of CD80 and CD86, and migrated to draining lymph node within 48 h. LCs in the lymph node 48 h after application with IMQ expressed increased level of CD80, CD86, CD40 and CC chemokine receptor 7. Conclusion LCs were activated upon application with IMQ, and promoted the inflammatory responses in psoriasis-like dermatitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)170-177
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Dermatological Science
Volume85
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Activation
  • Imiquimod
  • Inflammation
  • Langerhans cells
  • Psoriasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology

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