Acquired toxoplasmic retinitis in an immunosuppressed patient: Diagnosis by transvitreal fine-needle aspiration biopsy

Elizabeth M. Palkovacs, Zelia Correa, James J. Augsburger, Ralph C. Eagle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Acquired multifocal white retinal lesions in an immunosuppressed patient are diagnostically challenging. Methods: Case report of a 34-year-old woman who underwent bone marrow transplantation for chronic myelogenous leukemia. Four months after the transplant, while on relatively high doses of immunosuppressive drugs, she developed bilateral multifocal retinitis versus leukemic retinal infiltration. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy was performed on one eye in an attempt to establish a cytological diagnosis. Results: The aspirate was found to contain individual crescent-shaped intraretinal organisms and cysts, consistent with the diagnosis of toxoplasmic retinitis. The patient was started immediately on an anti-toxoplasmosis regimen consisting of sulfadiazine, pyrimethamine, and folinic acid. Follow-up examinations revealed complete inactivation of the retinitis and no delayed complications of the biopsy. Conclusion: Fine-needle aspiration biopsy can be a useful diagnostic tool in selected patients with acquired retinal infiltrates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1495-1497
Number of pages3
JournalGraefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Volume246
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 26 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fine needle aspiration biopsy
  • Immunosupression
  • Leukemia
  • Retinal infiltrates
  • Toxoplasmosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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