Acquired infantile Horner syndrome and spontaneous internal carotid artery dissection: A case report and review of literature

Amir Pirouzian, Huck A. Holz, Kenneth C. Ip, Rattehalli Sudesh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Horner syndrome, a triad of ptosis, anisocoria, and anhidrosis, results from interruption in the oculosympathetic pathway. It is classically described as either congenital or acquired to depict its underlying pathophysiology and requisite work-up. We report a case of a 10-month-old infant presenting with an acute onset of left Horner syndrome secondary to a spontaneous extracranial internal carotid artery dissection. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report in the literature of acute onset of acquired infantile Horner syndrome in association with spontaneous carotid artery dissection confirmed with magnetic resonance angiogram.

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Horner Syndrome
Anisocoria
Hypohidrosis
Carotid Arteries
Dissection
Angiography
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Spontaneous Dissection of Internal Carotid Artery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

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title = "Acquired infantile Horner syndrome and spontaneous internal carotid artery dissection: A case report and review of literature",
abstract = "Horner syndrome, a triad of ptosis, anisocoria, and anhidrosis, results from interruption in the oculosympathetic pathway. It is classically described as either congenital or acquired to depict its underlying pathophysiology and requisite work-up. We report a case of a 10-month-old infant presenting with an acute onset of left Horner syndrome secondary to a spontaneous extracranial internal carotid artery dissection. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report in the literature of acute onset of acquired infantile Horner syndrome in association with spontaneous carotid artery dissection confirmed with magnetic resonance angiogram.",
author = "Amir Pirouzian and Holz, {Huck A.} and Ip, {Kenneth C.} and Rattehalli Sudesh",
year = "2010",
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AU - Sudesh, Rattehalli

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AB - Horner syndrome, a triad of ptosis, anisocoria, and anhidrosis, results from interruption in the oculosympathetic pathway. It is classically described as either congenital or acquired to depict its underlying pathophysiology and requisite work-up. We report a case of a 10-month-old infant presenting with an acute onset of left Horner syndrome secondary to a spontaneous extracranial internal carotid artery dissection. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report in the literature of acute onset of acquired infantile Horner syndrome in association with spontaneous carotid artery dissection confirmed with magnetic resonance angiogram.

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