Background: There is no consensus regarding the endoscopic classification of the severity of portal hypertensive gastropathy. This study compared the accuracy and reproducibility of the 2-category classification system (2-CCS) with the 3-category classification system (3-CCS). Methods: Ninety-eight endoscopic pictures of portal hypertensive gastropathy and 22 of nonspecific gastritis were selected. Eight duplicate sets were generated, each in a different random order. These were shown to 6 experienced endoscopists during 2 sessions 1 week apart with 4 slide sets at each session. Each picture was scored by using either the 2-CCS or 3-CCS. Kappa statistics and percent agreement were used to estimate the reproducibility and agreement. Results: The mean percentage agreement among the 4 separate readings for each observer was significantly lower for the 3-CCS compared with the 2-CCS (mean [standard deviation] = 33,5% [8.9%] vs. 64.9% [9.1%]; p = 0.0001). The mean (SD) interobserver kappa values were 0.44 (0.03) for the 3-CCS and 0.52 (0.04) for the 2-CCS (p = 0.02), and the respective intraobserver kappa values were 0.43 (0.1) and 0.63 (0.06) (p = 0.002). Conclusions: Even though both the 2-CCS and 3-CCS have substantial limitations with regard to specificity and reliability, there were better agreement and reproducibility with the simpler classification system for portal hypertensive gastropathy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging