Neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (nHI) disrupts hippocampal GABAergic development leading to memory deficits in mice. Polysialic-acid neural-cell adhesion molecule (PSA-NCAM) developmentally declines to trigger GABAergic maturation. We hypothesized that nHI changes PSA-NCAM abundance and cellular distribution, impairing GABAergic development, and marking nascent neurodegeneration. Cell degeneration, atrophy, and PSA-NCAM immunoreactivity (IR) were measured in CA1 of nHI-injured C57BL6 mice related to: (i) cellular subtype markers; (ii) GAD65/67 and synatophysin (SYP), pre-synaptic markers; (iii) phospho-Ser396Tau, cytoskeletal marker; and (iv) GAP43, axonalregeneration marker. PSA-NCAM IR was minimal in CA1 of shams at P11. After nHI, PSA-NCAM IR was increased in injured pyramidal cells (PCs), minimal in parvalbumin (PV)+INs, and absent in glia. PSA-NCAM IR correlated with injury severity and became prominent in perikaryal cytoplasm at P18. GAD65/67 and SYP IRs only weakly related to PSA-NCAM after nHI. Injured phospho-Ser396Tau+ PCs and PV+INs variably co-expressed PSA-NCAM at P40. While PCs with cytoplasmic marginalized PSA-NCAM had increased perisomatic GAP43, those with perikaryal cytoplasmic PSA-NCAM had minimal GAP43. PSA-NCAM increased in serum of nHI-injured mice. Increased PSA-NCAM is likely a generic acute response to nHI brain injury. PSA-NCAM aberrant cellular localization may aggravate neuronal degeneration. The significance of PSA-NCAM as a biomarker of recovery from nHI and nascent neurodegeneration needs further study.
- neuronal cell death
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine