Accumulation of PSA-NCAM marks nascent neurodegeneration in the dorsal hippocampus after neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in mice

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (nHI) disrupts hippocampal GABAergic development leading to memory deficits in mice. Polysialic-acid neural-cell adhesion molecule (PSA-NCAM) developmentally declines to trigger GABAergic maturation. We hypothesized that nHI changes PSA-NCAM abundance and cellular distribution, impairing GABAergic development, and marking nascent neurodegeneration. Cell degeneration, atrophy, and PSA-NCAM immunoreactivity (IR) were measured in CA1 of nHI-injured C57BL6 mice related to: (i) cellular subtype markers; (ii) GAD65/67 and synatophysin (SYP), pre-synaptic markers; (iii) phospho-Ser396Tau, cytoskeletal marker; and (iv) GAP43, axonalregeneration marker. PSA-NCAM IR was minimal in CA1 of shams at P11. After nHI, PSA-NCAM IR was increased in injured pyramidal cells (PCs), minimal in parvalbumin (PV)+INs, and absent in glia. PSA-NCAM IR correlated with injury severity and became prominent in perikaryal cytoplasm at P18. GAD65/67 and SYP IRs only weakly related to PSA-NCAM after nHI. Injured phospho-Ser396Tau+ PCs and PV+INs variably co-expressed PSA-NCAM at P40. While PCs with cytoplasmic marginalized PSA-NCAM had increased perisomatic GAP43, those with perikaryal cytoplasmic PSA-NCAM had minimal GAP43. PSA-NCAM increased in serum of nHI-injured mice. Increased PSA-NCAM is likely a generic acute response to nHI brain injury. PSA-NCAM aberrant cellular localization may aggravate neuronal degeneration. The significance of PSA-NCAM as a biomarker of recovery from nHI and nascent neurodegeneration needs further study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • CA1
  • interneurons
  • memory
  • neuronal cell death
  • tauopathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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