Acceptability and feasibility of self-sampling for the screening of sexually transmitted infections in cabana privacy shelters

Ellen Pittman, Hillary Purcell, Laura Dize, Charlotte Gaydos, Sherine Patterson-Rose, Frank Biro, De Anna Owens, Lea E. Widdice

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Screening for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) outside of traditional health-care facilities is limited by the privacy needed for sample collection. We explored the acceptability of privacy shelters for the self-collection of genital swabs and tested the use of privacy shelters during mobile STI screening. Attendees ≥14 years old at two outdoor community events completed a questionnaire that assessed participant characteristics, health-care access, and rating of acceptability of self-collecting penile or vaginal swabs in a privacy shelter and four other private spaces: portable restroom, health van, home, and doctor’s office. A privacy shelter was used during mobile STI screening. The majority (65%) of the 95 participants reported that using a privacy shelter was somewhat or very acceptable. No participant characteristics or health-care access factors were associated with the acceptability of privacy shelters. Women rated a privacy shelter more acceptable than a portable restroom or health van. Men rated a privacy shelter more acceptable than a portable restroom. During mobile STI screening, all 13 men and women who requested STI testing used the privacy shelter for self-sampling. Rating of acceptability before and after privacy shelter use was the same. Privacy shelters may enable STI screening without using a building or vehicle for sample collection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)461-465
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of STD and AIDS
Volume29
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018

Keywords

  • Chlamydia
  • diagnosis
  • gonorrhoea
  • men
  • mobile health units
  • point of care
  • screening
  • sexually transmitted infections
  • specimen handling
  • women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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