Acceleration of kidney function decline after incident hospitalization with cardiovascular disease: the Stockholm CREAtinine Measurements (SCREAM) project

Junichi Ishigami, Marco Trevisan, Lars H. Lund, Tomas Jernberg, Josef Coresh, Kunihiro Matsushita, Juan Jesus Carrero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims: The cardiorenal syndrome refers to a bidirectional relationship between the kidney and the heart. However, epidemiological evidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) as a risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression is actually scarce. Methods and results: We examined the slopes of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline in the 2 years before vs. after an incident hospitalization with heart failure (HF) (n = 20 420), coronary heart disease (CHD) (n = 18 152), or stroke (n = 1808) using data from a complete laboratory data collection in Stockholm, Sweden between 2006 and 2011. eGFR slopes were estimated using mixed-effect models with unstructured residual correlation. Overall, incident hospitalization with HF and CHD, but not stroke, was significantly associated with a subsequent accelerated decline in eGFR, with a faster eGFR decline and greater slope change after HF than CHD. The pre-event vs. post-event eGFR slopes (mL/min/1.73 m2 per year) were −1.67 (−1.77 to −1.57) vs. −2.76 (−2.82 to −2.71), with a Δslope of −1.09 (−1.16 to −1.02) for HF; −1.09 (−1.20 to −0.98) vs. −1.87 (−1.92 to −1.81), with a Δslope of −0.78 (−0.85 to −0.70) for CHD; and −1.00 (−1.37 to −0.63) vs. −0.99 (−1.19 to −0.78), with a Δslope of 0.02 (−0.24 to 0.27) for stroke. The accelerated declines in eGFR after HF and CHD were consistent across the spectrum of eGFR, although pre-event eGFR slopes were steeper in lower eGFR (e.g. pre-event eGFR slope for HF −0.64 (−0.76 to −0.53) for eGFR ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m2, −1.43 (−1.57 to −1.30) for eGFR 30–59 mL/min/1.73 m2, and −2.42 (−2.71 to −2.12) for eGFR <30 mL/min/1.73 m2). Conclusions: Incident hospitalization with cardiac diseases (i.e. HF and CHD) was significantly associated with a subsequent acceleration of eGFR decline.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1790-1799
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Heart Failure
Volume22
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020

Keywords

  • Cardiorenal syndrome
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Heart failure
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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