Abuse, HIV status and health-related quality of life among a sample of HIV positive and HIV negative low income women

Karen A. McDonnell, Andrea C. Gielen, Patricia O'Campo, Jessica G. Burke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The assessment of a person's quality of life as it relates to health, HIV status and intimate partner violence (IPV) among women has been limited in its scope of investigation. Consequently, little is known about the adjusted and combined effects of IPV and HIV on women's health status and QOL. 445 women (188 HIV + 257 HIV -) residing in an urban low income area were interviewed regarding current IPV experiences (no IPV, IPV more than 1 year ago, IPV in last year), HIV status (positive and negative), use of illicit drugs, and presence of instrumental social support. Health-related QOL (HRQOL) was measured using the MOS-HIV. Stratified bivariate analyses demonstrate that living with HIV or having experienced IPV in the past year was significantly associated with poorer levels of HRQOL. Multiple logistic regression models indicate a robust negative relationship between the experience of IPV in the past year, living with HIV, use of illicit drugs and a protective effect of social support on women's reported HRQOL. The results of the bivariate and multivariate analyses provide evidence that there are independent and adjusted detrimental associations of the experience of IPV and living with HIV with women's HRQOL. As HRQOL is a good indicator of physical and mental health, these findings should alert health care and other service providers to their responsibility to screen and treat women experiencing intimate partner violence and living with HIV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)945-957
Number of pages13
JournalQuality of Life Research
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2005

Keywords

  • HIV
  • Health-related quality of life
  • Violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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