Abrogation of the Twin Arginine Transport system in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium leads to colonization defects during infection

M. Megan Reynolds, Lydia Bogomolnaya, Jinbai Guo, Lindsay Aldrich, Danial Bokhari, Carlos A. Santiviago, Michael McClelland, Helene Andrews-Polymenis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

TatC (STM3975) is a highly conserved component of the Twin Arginine Transport (Tat) systems that is required for transport of folded proteins across the inner membrane in gram-negative bacteria. We previously identified a ΔtatC mutant as defective in competitive infections with wild type ATCC14028 during systemic infection of Salmonella-susceptible BALB/c mice. Here we confirm these results and show that the ΔtatC mutant is internalized poorly by cultured J774-A.1 mouse macrophages a phenotype that may be related to the systemic infection defect. This mutant is also defective for short-term intestinal and systemic colonization after oral infection of BALB/c mice and is shed in reduced numbers in feces from orally infected Salmonella-resistant (CBA/J) mice. We show that the ΔtatC mutant is highly sensitive to bile acids perhaps resulting in the defect in intestinal infection that we observe. Finally, the ΔtatC mutant has an unusual combination of motility phenotypes in Salmonella; it is severely defective for swimming motility but is able to swarm well. The ΔtatC mutant has a lower amount of flagellin on the bacterial surface during swimming motility but normal levels under swarming conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere15800
JournalPloS one
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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    Reynolds, M. M., Bogomolnaya, L., Guo, J., Aldrich, L., Bokhari, D., Santiviago, C. A., McClelland, M., & Andrews-Polymenis, H. (2011). Abrogation of the Twin Arginine Transport system in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium leads to colonization defects during infection. PloS one, 6(1), [e15800]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0015800