Abriendo Puertas

Feasibility and Effectiveness a Multi-Level Intervention to Improve HIV Outcomes Among Female Sex Workers Living with HIV in the Dominican Republic

Deanna Kerrigan, Clare Barrington, Yeycy Donastorg, Martha Perez, Noya Galai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Female sex workers (FSW) are disproportionately affected by HIV. Yet, few interventions address the needs of FSW living with HIV. We developed a multi-level intervention, Abriendo Puertas (Opening Doors), and assessed its feasibility and effectiveness among a cohort of 250 FSW living with HIV in the Dominican Republic. We conducted socio-behavioral surveys and sexually transmitted infection and viral load testing at baseline and 10-month follow-up. We assessed changes in protected sex and adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) with logistic regression using generalized estimating equations. Significant pre-post intervention changes were documented for adherence (72–89 %; p <0.001) and protected sex (71–81 %; p <0.002). Higher intervention exposure was significantly associated with changes in adherence (AOR 2.42; 95 % CI 1.23–4.51) and protected sex (AOR 1.76; 95 % CI 1.09–2.84). Illicit drug use was negatively associated with both ART adherence and protected sex. Abriendo Puertas is feasible and effective in improving behavioral HIV outcomes in FSW living with HIV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalAIDS and Behavior
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Mar 25 2016

Fingerprint

Dominican Republic
Sex Workers
Safe Sex
HIV
Street Drugs
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Viral Load
Logistic Models
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • HIV
  • Multi-level intervention
  • Multi-level intervention
  • Protected sex
  • Sex workers
  • STI
  • Viral suppression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

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abstract = "Female sex workers (FSW) are disproportionately affected by HIV. Yet, few interventions address the needs of FSW living with HIV. We developed a multi-level intervention, Abriendo Puertas (Opening Doors), and assessed its feasibility and effectiveness among a cohort of 250 FSW living with HIV in the Dominican Republic. We conducted socio-behavioral surveys and sexually transmitted infection and viral load testing at baseline and 10-month follow-up. We assessed changes in protected sex and adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) with logistic regression using generalized estimating equations. Significant pre-post intervention changes were documented for adherence (72–89 {\%}; p <0.001) and protected sex (71–81 {\%}; p <0.002). Higher intervention exposure was significantly associated with changes in adherence (AOR 2.42; 95 {\%} CI 1.23–4.51) and protected sex (AOR 1.76; 95 {\%} CI 1.09–2.84). Illicit drug use was negatively associated with both ART adherence and protected sex. Abriendo Puertas is feasible and effective in improving behavioral HIV outcomes in FSW living with HIV.",
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