Abnormalities of the large ribosomal subunit protein, rpl35a, in diamond-blaekfan anemia

Jason E. Farrar, Michelle Nater, Emi Caywood, Michael A. Mcdevitt, Jeanne Kowalski, Clifford M. Takemoto, C. Conover Talbot, Paul Meltzer, Diane Esposito, Alan H. Beggs, Hal E. Schneider, Agnieszka Grabowska, Sarah E. Ball, Edyta Niewiadomska, Colin A. Sieff, Adrianna Vlachos, Eva Atsidaftos, Steven R. Ellis, Jeffrey M. Lipton, Hanna T. GazdaRobert J. Arceci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is an inherited bone marrow failure syndrome characterized by anemia, congenital abnormalities, and cancer predisposition. Small ribosomal subunit genes RPS19, RPS24, and RPS17are mutated in approximately one-third of patients. We used a candidate gene strategy combining highresolution genomic mapping and gene expression microarray in the analysis of 2 DBA patients with chromosome 3q deletions to identify RPL35A as a potential DBA gene. Sequence analysis of a cohort of DBA probands confirmed involvement RPL35A in DBA. shRNA inhibition shows that Rpl35a is essential for maturation of 28S and 5.8S rRNAs, 60S subunit biogenesis, normal proliferation, and cell survival. Analysis of pre-rRNA processing in primary DBA lymphoblastoid cell lines demonstrated similar alterations of large ribosomal subunit rRNA in both RPL35A-mutated and some RPL35A wild-type patients, suggesting additional large ribosomal subunit gene defects are likely present in some cases of DBA. These data demonstrate that alterations of large ribosomal subunit proteins cause DBA and support the hypothesis that DBA is primarily the result of altered ribosomal function. The results also establish that haploinsufficiency of large ribosomal subunit proteins contributes to bone marrow failure and potentially cancer predisposition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1582-1592
Number of pages11
JournalBlood
Volume112
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology

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