Ability of Ophthalmology Residents to Self-Assess Their Performance Through Established Milestones

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2 Scopus citations


Objectives: Accurate self-assessment is an important aspect of practice-based learning and improvement and a critical skill for resident growth. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education mandates semiannual milestones assessments by a clinical competency committee (CCC)for all ophthalmology residents. There are six core competencies: patient care (PC), medical knowledge, systems-based practice, practice-based learning and improvement, professionalism, and interpersonal communication skills. These competencies are assessed by the milestones rubric, which has detailed behavioral anchors and are also used for trainee self-assessments. This study compares resident self-assessed (SA)and faculty CCC milestones scores. Design: Residents completed milestones self-assessments prior to receiving individual score reports from the CCC. Correlation coefficients were calculated comparing the SA and CCC scores. In addition, statistical models were used to determine predictors of disparities and differences between the SA and CCC scores. Setting: Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins Hospital. Participants: Twenty-one residents in the Wilmer Ophthalmology Residency program from July 2014 to June 2016. Results: Fifty-seven self-assessments were available for the analysis. For each resident's first assessment, SA and CCC scores were strongly correlated (r ≥ 0.6 and p < 0.05)for four milestones, and not correlated for the remaining 20 milestones. In multivariable models, the SA and CCC scores are less disparate for medical knowledge and systems-based practice competencies compared to practice-based learning and improvement. Higher year of training, PC and professionalism competencies were predictive of statistically significant resident overestimation of scores relative to the CCC. In addition, higher CCC scores predicted statistically significant lower SA-CCC disparities and differences. SA-CCC differences did not lower to a significant extent with repeated assessments or modification to the end-of-rotation evaluation forms. Conclusions: Self-assessments by ophthalmology residents are not well-correlated with faculty assessments, emphasizing the need for improved and frequent timely feedback. Residents have the greatest difficulty self-assessing their professionalism and PC competency. In general, senior residents and underperforming residents have more inaccurate self-assessments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1076-1087
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of surgical education
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2019


  • Clinical competency committee
  • Core competencies
  • Evaluation
  • Medical Knowledge
  • Milestones
  • Ophthalmology residency
  • Patient Care
  • Practice-Based Learning and Improvement
  • Professionalism
  • Resident self-assessment
  • Systems-Based Practice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Education


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