Aberrant venous drainage pattern in a medial sphenoid wing dural arteriovenous fistula: A case report and review of the literature

Joshua W. Osbun, Louis J. Kim, Robert F. Spetzler, Cameron G. McDougall

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Sphenoid wing region dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) are rare lesions that are typically fed by middle meningeal artery feeders and that drain via the sphenoparietal sinus or middle cerebral vein. We describe a unique case of a medial sphenoid wing fistula draining exclusively via the basal vein of Rosenthal. Methods: A 55-year-old man presented with progressive right temporal homonymous hemianopsia. Cerebral angiography revealed a DAVF that rapidly filled into the deep venous system via the basal vein of Rosenthal with a large venous varix compressing the optic nerve. The sphenoid wing DAVF was not amenable to endovascular embolization due to direct ophthalmic artery feeders and was therefore treated with surgical obliteration. A right pterional craniotomy with orbitozygomatic osteotomy was performed. Results: The fistula was clip ligated, and the venous varix was incised and drained. Intraoperative angiography demonstrated complete obliteration of the fistula. Conclusions: Sphenoid wing DAVFs may drain via the deep venous system and have a complex arterial feeding network. Key features of the fistula, including deep venous drainage, presence of venous varices, and retrograde leptomeningeal venous drainage, make this an aggressive lesion with a high risk of rupture based on the available natural history data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e381-e386
JournalWorld neurosurgery
Volume80
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Basal vein of Rosenthal
  • Dural arteriovenous fistula
  • Skull base fistula
  • Vein of Galen
  • Venous varix

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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