Aberrant promoter methylation of multiple genes during pathogenesis of bladder cancer

Mariana Brait, Shahnaz Begum, André L. Carvalho, Santanu Dasgupta, André L. Vettore, Bogdan Czerniak, Otávia L. Caballero, William H. Westra, David Sidransky, Mohammad Obaidul Hoque

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: The aims of our study were to elucidate the role of methylation of a large panel of genes during multistage pathogenesis of bladder cancer and to correlate our findings with patient age and other clinicopathologic features. Experimental Design: We studied the methylation status of 21 genes by quantitative methylation-specific PCR in an evaluation set of 25 tumor and 5 normal samples. Based on methylation frequency in tumors and normals in gene evaluation set, we selected 7 candidate genes and tested an independent set of 93 tumors and 26 normals. The presence or absence of methylation was evaluated for an association with cancer using cross-tabulations and χ2 or Fisher's exact tests as appropriate. All statistical tests were two-sided. Results: Most primary tumors (89 of 93, 96%) had methylation of one or more genes of independent set; 53 (57%) CCNA1, 29 (31%) MINT1, 36 (39%) CRBP, 53 (57%) CCND2, 66 (71%) PGP9.5, 60 (65%) CALCA, and 78 (84%) AIM1. Normal uroepithelium samples from 26 controls revealed no methylation of the CCNA1 and MINT1 genes, whereas methylation of CRBP, CCND2, PGP9.5, and CALCA was detected at low levels. All the 7 genes in independent set were tightly correlated with each other and 3 of these genes showed increased methylation frequencies in bladder cancer with increasing age. PGP9.5 and AIM1 methylation correlated with primary tumor invasion. Conclusion: Our results indicate that the methylation profile of novel genes in bladder cancers correlates with clinicopathologic features of poor prognosis and is an age-related phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2786-2794
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention
Volume17
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Oncology

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