Der abdominelle gefäßchirurgische Notfall: Das abdominelle Aortenaneurysma, die akute mesenterielle Ischämie - Indikation, Technik, Ergebnisse

Translated title of the contribution: Abdominal Vascular Emergency Surgery: Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm, Acute Mesenteric Ischemia - Indication, Technique, Results

M. Prager, H. Teufelsbauer, J. Nanobashvili, G. Kretschmer, W. Trubel, I. Huk, A. Laggner, M. Zimpfer, W. Haider, C. Herold, P. Polterauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Ruptured infrarenal aortic aneurysms and mesenteric ischemia are abdominal emergency situations, which should be treated by vascular surgeons. Modern means of patient transport and specialized emergency centers make it possible to bring patients suspect of having a ruptured aneurysm or a mesenteric ischemia to experienced clinics. Indication for surgery in case of symptomatic or ruptured aortic aneurysms is doubtless absolute. If there is suspicion for a ruptured aneurysm, emergency operation is indicated. In patients having undergone emergency surgery for a ruptured aneurysm of the infrarenal aorta, hospital mortality was 41%. The initial indication for surgery for patients with mesenteric ischemia usually is the "acute abdomen". Mostly only the patient's history reveals the suspicion for this disease. There are no valid radiologic examinations for proving or ruling out mesenteric ischemia. Most of our patients had arterial embolism (64 %) as a source of mesenteric ischemia, followed by arterial thrombosis (28 %), venous thrombosis (3 %) and non-occlusive ischemia (5 %). Monitoring of levels of serum lactate can be an additional tool for decision making, if a second look operation is discussed. The key for surgical success with these critically ill patients is shortening of the interval between the first symptoms of the patient and the start of surgical therapy.

Translated title of the contributionAbdominal Vascular Emergency Surgery: Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm, Acute Mesenteric Ischemia - Indication, Technique, Results
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)145-151
Number of pages7
JournalActa Medica Austriaca
Volume27
Issue number5
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000

Keywords

  • Aortic aneurysm
  • Emergency surgery
  • Lactate-inonitoring
  • Mesenteric ischemia
  • Ruptured aneurysm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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