BackgroundAbdominal near-infrared spectroscopy (aNIRS) may detect gastrointestinal hypoxia before necrotizing enterocolitis develops. We sought to validate aNIRS during splanchnic hypoxia and hypoperfusion in neonatal piglets.MethodsAnesthetized piglets underwent systemic hypoxia or 3 h superior mesenteric artery (SMA) ligation with aNIRS monitoring.ResultsDuring progressive hypoxia, gastrointestinal tissue oxyhemoglobin saturation measured by aNIRS decreased linearly with oxyhemoglobin saturation measured directly in the portal vein. Correlation coefficients were 0.94-0.99 in each of 10 piglets, the average regression slope of 0.73 (95% confidence interval: 0.57, 0.89) differed from one (P<0.004), and the intercept on the aNIRS axis of 9.5% (4.4, 14.6) differed from zero (P<0.0025). Umbilical venous oxyhemoglobin saturation also correlated strongly with the portal vein oxyhemoglobin saturation (r=0.83-0.99), with a slope not different from one. SMA ligation caused ileal blood flow to decrease by ∼50%, and produced a sustained decrease in aNIRS oximetry from approximately 60 to 30%.ConclusionaNIRS can detect abrupt and sustained gastrointestinal hypoperfusion associated with arterial occlusion in a neonatal model. The highly linear relationship of portal venous oxyhemoglobin saturation with aNIRS and umbilical vein saturation during graded hypoxia implies that these measures can accurately track tissue oxygenation trends over a wide range in individual subjects.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health