A wide QRS/T angle in bundle branch blocks is associated with increased risk for coronary heart disease and all-cause mortality in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study

Zhu Ming Zhang, Pentti M. Rautaharju, Ronald J. Prineas, Eric A. Whitsel, Larisa Tereshchenko, Elsayed Z. Soliman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Abstract Background Repolarization abnormality in bundle branch blocks (BBB) is traditionally ignored. This study evaluated the prognostic value of QRS/T angle for mortality in the presence and absence of BBB. Methods and results Total 15,408 participants (mean age 54 years, 55.2% women, 26.9% blacks, 2.8% with BBB) were from the Arteriosclerosis Risk in Communities Study. Sex stratified Cox regression models were used to compute hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for coronary heart disease (CHD) and all-cause mortality for wide spatial QRS/T angle with and without BBB including right BBB (RBBB), left BBB (LBBB) and indetermined-type ventricular conduction defect (IVCD) and RBBB combined with left anterior fascicular block. During a median 22-year follow-up, 4767 deaths occurred, 728 of them CHD deaths. Using the No-BBB with QRS/T angle below median value as gender-specific reference groups, the mortality risk increase was significant for both women and men with No-BBB and QRS/T angle above the median value. In the pooled ICVD/LBBB group, the risk for CHD death was increased 15.9-fold in women and 6.04 fold in men, and for all-cause deaths 3.01-fold in women and 1.84-fold in men. However, the mortality risk in isolated RBBB group was only significantly increased in women but not in men. Conclusion A wide spatial QRS/T angle in BBB is associated with increased risk for CHD and all-cause mortality over and above the predictive value for BBB alone. The risk for women is as high as or higher than that in men.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number52046
Pages (from-to)672-677
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Electrocardiology
Volume48
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bundle branch block
  • Electrocardiology
  • Mortality
  • QRS/T angle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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