We describe a new method for the estimation of the speed of sound in soft tissues in the pulse-echo mode. A transducer imparts an accurate transaxial compression to the tissue, and the corresponding change in the arrival time of an echo feature is measured. The ratio between the compressed depth and the difference in arrival time is taken as the estimate of the speed of sound. A second, noncompressing transducer is used to correct for distal tissue movement. We show theoretically and experimentally that accurate speed of sound estimations can be made in overlying and underlying tissue mimicking layers.
- Pulse echo
- speed of sound
- tissue characterization
- tissue compression
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging