A tool for sexual minority mental health research: The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) as a depressive symptom severity measure for sexual minority women in Viet Nam

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Abstract

ABSTRACT: In a context with limited attention to mental health and prevalent sexual prejudice, valid measurements are a key first step to understanding the psychological suffering of sexual minority populations. We adapted the Patient Health Questionnaire as a depressive symptom severity measure for Vietnamese sexual minority women, ensuring its cultural relevance and suitability for Internet-based research. Psychometric evaluation found that the scale is mostly unidimensional and has good convergent validity, good external construct validity, and excellent reliability. The sample's high endorsement of scale items emphasizes the need to study minority stress and mental health in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-191
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Gay and Lesbian Mental Health
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2 2016

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Viet Nam
  • lesbian: scale adaptation
  • sexual minority women
  • validation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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