A Systematic Review on Ischemic Priapism and Immediate Implantation: Do We Need More Data?

Marco Capece, Roberto La Rocca, Vincenzo Mirone, Trinity J. Bivalacqua, Fabio Castiglione, Maarten Albersen, David J. Ralph, Asif Muneer, Giulio Garaffa

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Introduction: Ischemic priapism (IP) is the most common form of priapism. In cases of priapism persisting for >36 hours, conservative management usually fails, and the patients’ erectile tissue will be inevitably compromised, resulting in corporal fibrosis, shortening of the penis, and refractory erectile dysfunction. In this subset of patients, early implantation of a penile prosthesis (PP) could be a solution for both the priapic episode and the erectile dysfunction. Aim: To analyze the current literature with regard to the correlation between refractory ischemic priapism and immediate implantation of PP. Methods: An extensive literature research was conducted to retrieve studies focusing on immediate PP implantation in patients suffering from refractory ischemic priapism (RIP). Main Outcome Measures: We evaluated the functional outcomes of patients who have undergone the immediate insertion of a PP as treatment for an acute episode of IP refractory to medical therapy or shunt surgery. Results: Nine studies were included in this systematic review, including 3 case reports and 6 retrospective analyses. All studies agreed that in patients with RIP, early insertion of a PP is a safe and effective procedure, and all studies but 1 preferred malleable implants to inflatable implants. Conclusion: The systematic review does not demonstrate superiority of immediatePP implantation over delayed PP implantation, because none of the studies was designed with this purpose. However, considering the reduced complication rate and the ease of the procedure, all studies are in favor of early implantation over delayed implantation. Capece M, La Rocca R, Mirone V, et al. A Systematic Review on Ischemic Priapism and Immediate Implantation: Do We Need More Data? Sex Med Rev 2018;7:530–534.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)530-534
Number of pages5
JournalSexual Medicine Reviews
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2019


  • Early Implantation
  • Immediate Implant
  • Low-Flow Priapism
  • Penile Prosthesis
  • Priapism
  • Refractory Ischemic Priapism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Endocrinology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Urology


Dive into the research topics of 'A Systematic Review on Ischemic Priapism and Immediate Implantation: Do We Need More Data?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this