A Systematic Review of Patient- and Family-Level Inhaled Corticosteroid Adherence Interventions in Black/African Americans

Isaretta L. Riley, Beverly Murphy, Zayd Razouki, Jerry A. Krishnan, Andrea Apter, Sande O. Okelo, Monica Kraft, Cindy Feltner, Loretta G. Que, Leigh Boulware

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) adherence rates are suboptimal among adult black/African Americans. Comprehensive studies characterizing the effectiveness and the methodological approaches to the development of interventions to improve ICS adherence in adult black/African Americans have not been performed. Objectives: Conduct a systematic review of patient/family-level interventions to improve ICS adherence in adult black/African Americans. Methods: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, and CINAHL from inception to August 2017 for English-language US studies enrolling at least 30% black/African Americans comparing patient/family-level ICS adherence interventions with any comparator. Two investigators independently selected, extracted data from, and rated risk of bias. We collected information on intervention characteristics and outcomes, and assessed whether studies were informed by behavior theory, stakeholder engagement, or both. Results: Among 1661 abstracts identified, we reviewed 230 full-text articles and identified 4 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and 1 quasi-experimental (pre-post design) study meeting criteria. Study participants (N range, 17-333) varied in mean age (22-47 years), proportion black/African Americans studied (71%-93%), and sex (69%-82% females). RCTs evaluated problem-solving classes, self-efficacy training, technology-based motivational interviewing program, and the use of patient advocates. The RCT testing self-efficacy training was the only intervention informed by both behavior theory and stakeholder engagement. All 4 RCTs compared interventions with active control and rated as medium risk of bias. No RCTs found a statistically significant improvement in adherence. Conclusions: Few studies assessing asthma adherence interventions focused on adult black/African-American populations. No RCTs demonstrated improved ICS adherence in participants. Future studies that are informed by behavior change theory and stakeholder engagement are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

African Americans
Adrenal Cortex Hormones
Randomized Controlled Trials
Self Efficacy
Motivational Interviewing
MEDLINE
Language
Asthma
Research Personnel
Technology
Population

Keywords

  • African Americans
  • Asthma
  • Behavior theory
  • Cultural adaptation
  • Health status disparities
  • Implementation science
  • Medication adherence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy

Cite this

A Systematic Review of Patient- and Family-Level Inhaled Corticosteroid Adherence Interventions in Black/African Americans. / Riley, Isaretta L.; Murphy, Beverly; Razouki, Zayd; Krishnan, Jerry A.; Apter, Andrea; Okelo, Sande O.; Kraft, Monica; Feltner, Cindy; Que, Loretta G.; Boulware, Leigh.

In: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Riley, Isaretta L. ; Murphy, Beverly ; Razouki, Zayd ; Krishnan, Jerry A. ; Apter, Andrea ; Okelo, Sande O. ; Kraft, Monica ; Feltner, Cindy ; Que, Loretta G. ; Boulware, Leigh. / A Systematic Review of Patient- and Family-Level Inhaled Corticosteroid Adherence Interventions in Black/African Americans. In: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice. 2019.
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abstract = "Background: Inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) adherence rates are suboptimal among adult black/African Americans. Comprehensive studies characterizing the effectiveness and the methodological approaches to the development of interventions to improve ICS adherence in adult black/African Americans have not been performed. Objectives: Conduct a systematic review of patient/family-level interventions to improve ICS adherence in adult black/African Americans. Methods: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, and CINAHL from inception to August 2017 for English-language US studies enrolling at least 30{\%} black/African Americans comparing patient/family-level ICS adherence interventions with any comparator. Two investigators independently selected, extracted data from, and rated risk of bias. We collected information on intervention characteristics and outcomes, and assessed whether studies were informed by behavior theory, stakeholder engagement, or both. Results: Among 1661 abstracts identified, we reviewed 230 full-text articles and identified 4 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and 1 quasi-experimental (pre-post design) study meeting criteria. Study participants (N range, 17-333) varied in mean age (22-47 years), proportion black/African Americans studied (71{\%}-93{\%}), and sex (69{\%}-82{\%} females). RCTs evaluated problem-solving classes, self-efficacy training, technology-based motivational interviewing program, and the use of patient advocates. The RCT testing self-efficacy training was the only intervention informed by both behavior theory and stakeholder engagement. All 4 RCTs compared interventions with active control and rated as medium risk of bias. No RCTs found a statistically significant improvement in adherence. Conclusions: Few studies assessing asthma adherence interventions focused on adult black/African-American populations. No RCTs demonstrated improved ICS adherence in participants. Future studies that are informed by behavior change theory and stakeholder engagement are needed.",
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AU - Riley, Isaretta L.

AU - Murphy, Beverly

AU - Razouki, Zayd

AU - Krishnan, Jerry A.

AU - Apter, Andrea

AU - Okelo, Sande O.

AU - Kraft, Monica

AU - Feltner, Cindy

AU - Que, Loretta G.

AU - Boulware, Leigh

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AB - Background: Inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) adherence rates are suboptimal among adult black/African Americans. Comprehensive studies characterizing the effectiveness and the methodological approaches to the development of interventions to improve ICS adherence in adult black/African Americans have not been performed. Objectives: Conduct a systematic review of patient/family-level interventions to improve ICS adherence in adult black/African Americans. Methods: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, and CINAHL from inception to August 2017 for English-language US studies enrolling at least 30% black/African Americans comparing patient/family-level ICS adherence interventions with any comparator. Two investigators independently selected, extracted data from, and rated risk of bias. We collected information on intervention characteristics and outcomes, and assessed whether studies were informed by behavior theory, stakeholder engagement, or both. Results: Among 1661 abstracts identified, we reviewed 230 full-text articles and identified 4 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and 1 quasi-experimental (pre-post design) study meeting criteria. Study participants (N range, 17-333) varied in mean age (22-47 years), proportion black/African Americans studied (71%-93%), and sex (69%-82% females). RCTs evaluated problem-solving classes, self-efficacy training, technology-based motivational interviewing program, and the use of patient advocates. The RCT testing self-efficacy training was the only intervention informed by both behavior theory and stakeholder engagement. All 4 RCTs compared interventions with active control and rated as medium risk of bias. No RCTs found a statistically significant improvement in adherence. Conclusions: Few studies assessing asthma adherence interventions focused on adult black/African-American populations. No RCTs demonstrated improved ICS adherence in participants. Future studies that are informed by behavior change theory and stakeholder engagement are needed.

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KW - Implementation science

KW - Medication adherence

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