A surgical robot for total hip replacement surgery

Howard A. Paul, Brent Mittlestadt, William L. Bargar, Bela Musits, Russell H. Taylor, Peter Kazanzides, Joel Zuhars, Bill Williamson, William Hanson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The authors describe a robotic surgical system that has been designed to create femoral cavities that are precisely shaped and positioned for implantation of uncemented prostheses. This robotics system creates cavities with a dimensional accuracy more than 50 times greater than broached cavities, exceeds the tolerances to which implants are manufactured, and does not produce gaps that prevent bone ingrowth. A canine study was undertaken to evaluate the prosthesis fit and placement achieved by employing a surgical robot to prepare the femur. This study compared the results achieved on 15 dogs undergoing total hip replacement with manual broaching techniques and 25 dogs undergoing robotically assisted surgery. Among the 25 dogs, which ranged in age from 2 1/2 to 11 years, there were no deaths no infections, and no intraoperative complications. Human applications of this technique are also considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation
PublisherPubl by IEEE
Pages606-611
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)0818627204
StatePublished - Apr 1 1992
EventProceedings 1992 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation - Nice, Fr
Duration: May 12 1992May 14 1992

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation
Volume1

Other

OtherProceedings 1992 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation
CityNice, Fr
Period5/12/925/14/92

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Paul, H. A., Mittlestadt, B., Bargar, W. L., Musits, B., Taylor, R. H., Kazanzides, P., Zuhars, J., Williamson, B., & Hanson, W. (1992). A surgical robot for total hip replacement surgery. In Proceedings - IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (pp. 606-611). (Proceedings - IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation; Vol. 1). Publ by IEEE.