A subregional assessment of demographic and health trends in the Americas: 1980-1998.

C. Castillo-Salgado, O. Mujica, E. Loyola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Close to 14 percent of the world's population lives in the Americas and the total population of this area is expected to reach 823,225,000 by the year 2000. Periodic assessments of the health situation and trends in conditions throughout subregions of the Americas have been undertaken by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) since the mid-1950s. These assessments demonstrate and underscore some major disparities in social, health and economic conditions in the various countries within the region. Analysis of some 38 demographic, socioeconomic, vital statistics and resource availability indicators show encouraging health and social progress between 1980 and 1998. Data concerning the health situation and trends in eight subregions of the Americas show a demographic reshape and an overall improvement in a variety of health indicators over this period. Important changes occurred in the epidemiological profile of the populations, shifting from a mainly communicable disease profile to one in which chronic diseases also affect a major portion of the population. This double health burden is unique in the region of the Americas. Improvements in social as well as health indicators were evidenced throughout the various subregions but at differing levels and at varying rates. Marked changes in total fertility, infant mortality, life expectancy and morbidity rates characterized the period between 1980 and 1998. The discrepancies between countries are highlighted and areas in need of further improvement outlined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2-12
Number of pages11
JournalStatistical bulletin (Metropolitan Life Insurance Company : 1984)
Volume80
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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