A study of cellular immunity in clinically healthy children of parents with leprosy in northern Thailand

K. E. Nelson, S. M. Speck, S. Suprasert, T. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A study was done of the response to PPD-tuberculin, candida and the tuberculin conversion rate after BCG vaccination among 302 healthy children in northern Thailand. The children were grouped according to whether their parent(s) or other household contact(s) had tuberculoid leprosy (74 children), lepromatous leprosy (47 children), or all family members were healthy (181 children). No significant differences were detected in the responses to candida or PPD-tuberculin on initial skin testing or in the history of a previous BCG vaccination in the three groups of children. However, among the children who were initially tuberculin negative, significantly decreased PPD conversion rates occurred in children from lepromatous families in comparison to those from tuberculoid families (p<0.01) or normal families (p<0.05). In the children from lepromatous families who were initially PPD and candida negative, 0 of 3 developed PPD-tuberculin conversions after BCG in comparison to 12 of 14 (85.7%) from normal families (p = 0.015). The data indicate that some children from lepromatous families were relatively unresponsive to stimulation with BCG and possibly other mycobacterial vaccines. The immunopathogenesis of this relative unresponsiveness should be further defined, since it might have important implications for the prevention of leprosy with a vaccine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-153
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Leprosy
Volume52
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1984
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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