A store-based intervention to increase fruit and vegetable consumption: The El Valor de Nuestra Salud cluster randomized controlled trial

Guadalupe X. Ayala, Barbara Baquero, Julie L. Pickrel, Joni Mayer, George Belch, Cheryl L. Rock, Laura Linnan, Joel Gittelsohn, Jennifer Sanchez-Flack, John P. Elder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Most evidence-based interventions to improve fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption target individual behaviors and family systems; however, these changes are difficult to sustain without environmental support. This paper describes an innovative social and structural food store-based intervention to increase availability and accessibility of FVs in tiendas (small- to medium-sized Latino food stores) and purchasing and consumption of FVs among tienda customers. Methods: Using a cluster randomized controlled trial with 16 tiendas pair-matched and randomized to an intervention or wait-list control condition, this study will evaluate a 2-month intervention directed at tiendas, managers, and employees followed by a 4-month customer-directed food marketing campaign. The intervention involves social (e.g., employee trainings) and structural (e.g., infrastructure) environmental changes. Three hundred sixty-nine customers (approximately 23 per tienda) serve on an evaluation cohort and complete assessments (interviews and measurements of weight) at 3 time points: baseline, 6-months post-baseline, and 12-months post-baseline. The primary study outcome is customer-reported daily consumption of FVs. Manager interviews and monthly tienda audits and collection of sales data will provide evidence of tienda-level intervention effects, our secondary outcomes. Process evaluation methods assess dose delivered, dose received, and fidelity. Results: Recruitment of tiendas, managers, employees, and customers is complete. Demographic data shows that 30% of the customers are males, thus providing a unique opportunity to examine the effects of a tienda-based intervention on Latino men. Conclusions: Determining whether a tienda-based intervention can improve customers' FV purchasing and consumption will provide key evidence for how to create healthier consumer food environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)228-238
Number of pages11
JournalContemporary Clinical Trials
Volume42
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015

Keywords

  • Employee training
  • Environmental change
  • Food store
  • Fruits and vegetables
  • Latino
  • Tiendas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

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    Ayala, G. X., Baquero, B., Pickrel, J. L., Mayer, J., Belch, G., Rock, C. L., Linnan, L., Gittelsohn, J., Sanchez-Flack, J., & Elder, J. P. (2015). A store-based intervention to increase fruit and vegetable consumption: The El Valor de Nuestra Salud cluster randomized controlled trial. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 42, 228-238. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2015.04.009