A specific vaccine effective against stage I and stage II malignant disease in guinea pigs effect of variations in preparations and storage

Eliyahu Yarkoni, James T. Hunter, Saraswati Sukumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Guinea pigs, each with an established, syngeneic dermal line 10 tumor and lymph node metastases, were immunized by intradermal injection of a mixture of irradiated line 10 cells and an emulsion containing heat-killed BCG. Immunization eradicated 7- or 10-day-old dermal tumors (about 10 or 12 mm in diameter, respectively) and prevented growth of microscopic lymph node metastases. Fourteen-day-old dermal tumors (about 15 mm in diameter) were not rejected by immunization. Guinea pigs with stage II disease (21-day-old dermal tumors and palpable metastases in the first draining lymph node) were treated by excision of the dermal tumor and the first draining lymph node, and by specific immunization. This treatment eliminated tumor cells remaining in the second draining lymph nodes. The surgical treatment alone was not curative, palpable metastases in the second draining lymph nodes progressed and the animals died (some with visible lung metastases). Emulsions containing killed BCG were good adjuvants even after prolonged storage at 4° C, but lost most of their adjuvant activity after autoclaving or freezing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)92-95
Number of pages4
JournalCancer Immunology Immunotherapy
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1982
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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