A side-by-side evaluation of [18F]FDOPA enantiomers for noninvasive detection of neuroendocrine tumors by positron emission tomography

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are an extremely heterogenous group of malignancies with variable clinical behavior. Molecular imaging of patients with NETs allows for effective patient stratification and treatment guidance and is crucial in selection of targeted therapies. Positron emission tomography (PET) with the radiotracer L-[18F]FDOPA is progressively being utilized for non-invasive in vivo visualization of NETs and pancreatic â-cell hyperplasia. While L-[18F]FDOPA-PET is a valuable tool for disease detection and management, it also exhibits significant diagnostic limitations owing to its inherent physiological uptake in off-target tissues. We hypothesized that the D-amino acid structural isomer of that clinical tracer, D-[18F]FDOPA, may exhibit superior clearance capabilities owing to a reduced in vivo enzymatic recognition and enzyme-mediated metabolism. Here, we report a side-byside evaluation of D-[18F]FDOPA with its counterpart clinical tracer, L-[18F]FDOPA, for the non-invasive in vivo detection of NETs. In vitro evaluation in five NET cell lines, including invasive small intestinal neuroendocrine carcinomas (STC-1), insulinomas (TGP52 and TGP61), colorectal adenocarcinomas (COLO-320) and pheochromocytomas (PC12), generally indicated higher overall uptake levels of L-[18F]FDOPA, compared to D-[18F]FDOPA. While in vivo PET imaging and ex vivo biodistribution studies in PC12, STC-1 and COLO-320 mouse xenografts further supported our in vitro data, they also illustrated lower off-target retention and enhanced clearance of D-[18F]FDOPA from healthy tissues. Cumulatively our results indicate the potential diagnostic applications of D-[18F]FDOPA for malignancies where the utility of L-[18F]FDOPA-PET is limited by the physiological uptake of L-[18F]FDOPA, and suggest D-[18F]FDOPA as a viable PET imaging tracer for NETs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5731-5744
Number of pages14
Issue number56
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019



  • Fluorine-18
  • Molecular imaging
  • Neuroendocrine tumors
  • PET

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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