A second-generation cementless hip prosthesis: improved results over the first-generation prosthesis.

W. S. Tankersley, M. A. Mont, D. S. Hungerford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Forty-two patients who had a Porous Coated Anatomic (PCA) "E" series, second-generation, cementless hip arthroplasty (Howmedica, Rutherford, NJ) were compared with 42 patients who had a first-generation PCA prosthesis. Patients were directly matched for age, sex, diagnosis, weight, Charnley functional status, and duration of follow-up. All of the operations were done by the same two surgeons, who used the same operative approach and the same postoperative rehabilitation plan. All of the patients were followed up for at least 5 years (range, 60 to 76 months). In the "E" series group, there were 41 of 42 (98%) good and excellent clinical results with a mean Harris hip score of 94 points (range, 46 to 100 points); the first-generation group had 34 of 42 (81%) good and excellent clinical results and a mean Harris score of 81 points (range, 42 to 100 points) (P = 0.001). There was one acetabular component revision in the "E" series group (2%), which can be compared with eight revisions (19%) in the first-generation group (P = 0.012). The incidence of femoral radiolucencies was 19% (eight hips) for the "E" series group compared with 50% (21 hips) in the first-generation group (P = 0.009). The radiolucencies in the "E" series group were small, nonprogressive, and confined typically to zone I. We believe that the improvements in design of the "E" series component may account for these differences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)839-844
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of orthopedics (Belle Mead, N.J.)
Volume26
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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