A review of engineering approaches for lymphedema detection

Karina Rincon, Pratikkumar Shah, Jessica Ramella-Roman, Shekhar Bhansali

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Edema is a condition characterized by excessive swelling of a tissue due to an abnormal accumulation of interstitial fluid in the subcutaneous tissue. More specifically, disruption of the lymphatic system causes what is known as lymphedema. This condition is commonly seen in breast cancer survivors postradiotherapy treatment, chemotherapy, and surgeries; this population has shown high risk of developing lymphedema in the limbs. Throughout the years, several techniques have been developed and implemented for the detection and measurement of lymphedema, including techniques to measure the diseased limb volume, electrical techniques to measure the water content in tissues, and optical techniques to measure either tissue absorbance or limb volume. However, there is still no method that allows for continuous monitoring of the disease and provides a better understanding of its progression. This study describes the different approaches that have been used and that could be used for lymphedema measurement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7494661
Pages (from-to)79-90
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Bioelectrical impedance
  • blood flow
  • lymphedema
  • optical spectroscopy
  • water content

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering


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