Study Objective: To investigate the impact of operating surgeon specialty on rates of ovarian preservation, and to explore differences in surgical management when malignant lesions are identified. Design: Retrospective study. Setting: Education and research hospitals. Participants: Between January 1, 2003 and January 1, 2009, all female patients ≤ 20 years of age undergoing surgery with pathologically confirmed ovarian or fallopian tube tissues removed were evaluated. Interventions: Demographic, operative, and pathologic data were abstracted. Main Outcome Measures: Rates of ovarian preservation with benign lesions, and rates of appropriate surgical staging when malignant lesions were identified. Results: The mean age was 11.9 ± 4.4 years. Malignant lesions were larger than benign masses, 17.3 ± 7.1 cm versus 8.8 ± 7.1 cm respectively (P < .001). Torsion was associated with oophorectomy with a relative risk (RR) of 1.86 and 95% confidence interval (CI) of 1.35-2.57 (P = 0.033). Postmenarchal patients were less likely to undergo ovarian sacrificing procedures (RR 0.62, 95% CI 0.45-0.84, P < .001). The relative risk of incomplete surgical staging with malignant lesions was reduced in the presence of a gynecologic oncologist (RR 0.14, 95% CI 0.02-0.89, P = .003). Conclusion: Ovarian conservation should be prioritized in cases with benign lesions, whereas complete and accurate surgical staging is imperative when malignancy is identified.
- Adnexal mass
- Ovarian preservation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynecology