A Retrospective Review of Primary Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy and Laparoscopic Gastrostomy Tube Placement

Maireade E. McSweeney, Paul D. Mitchell, C. Jason Smithers, Ashley Doherty, Julia Perkins, Rachel Rosen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The laparoscopic-assisted gastrostomy tube placement (LAP) has increasingly become the preferred method for placing gastrostomy tubes in infants and children. The goal of this retrospective review was to examine our institutional experiences with our transition from the percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) procedure to LAP technique. METHODS: All patients undergoing primary PEG or LAP gastrostomy at Boston Children's Hospital between January 2010 and June 2015 were identified. The primary aim was to compare complication rates within the first 6 months after tube placement; differences in total hospital procedural costs, hospital resource utilization, and postoperative gastroesophageal reflux disease were examined. RESULTS: Nine hundred and eighty-seven patients (442 PEG and 545 LAP gastrostomy tubes) were included. No differences in total complications within 6 months were seen. Patients undergoing PEG placement had more gastrostomy-related complications (PEG 30 [6.7%] vs LAP 13 [2.4%], P = 0.0007) and cellulitis (PEG 23 [5.1%] vs LAP 2 [0.4%], P = 0.03) within the first week of placement. Patients undergoing LAP procedures had more granulation tissue episodes (PEG 19 [4.4%] vs LAP 107 [19.8%], P = 0.005). No differences in emergency room visits, hospital readmissions, or postoperative gastroesophageal reflux disease were seen, although transition to a gastrojejunal tube was higher in patients undergoing LAP procedure (PEG 20 patients [4.6%] vs LAP 51 patients [9.5%], P = 0.0008). CONCLUSIONS: Total complications were similar between patients undergoing PEG versus LAP gastrostomy tube placement. Patients with the PEG procedure had more complications within the first week of placement versus patients with the LAP procedure had more granulation skin complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)586-591
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition
Volume73
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Gastroenterology

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