A reinforcement-based Therapeutic Workplace for the treatment of drug abuse: Six-month abstinence outcomes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study evaluated a novel drug abuse treatment, the Therapeutic Workplace. In this treatment, patients are paid to perform jobs or to participate in job training. Salary is linked to abstinence by requiring patients to provide drug-free urine samples to gain access to the workplace. Pregnant and postpartum drug abuse patients (N = 40) were randomly assigned to a Therapeutic Workplace or usual care control group. Therapeutic Workplace participants were invited to work 3 hr every weekday for 6 months and could earn up to $4,030 in vouchers for abstinence, workplace attendance, and performance. On average, 45% of participants attended the workplace per day. Relative to controls, the Therapeutic Workplace nearly doubled patients' abstinence from opiates and cocaine (33% vs. 59% of thrice-weekly urine samples drug negative, respectively, p <.05). The Therapeutic Workplace can effectively treat heroin and cocaine abuse in pregnant and postpartum women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14-23
Number of pages10
JournalExperimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
Volume9
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2001

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Workplace
Substance-Related Disorders
Therapeutics
Postpartum Period
Opiate Alkaloids
Urine
Heroin Dependence
Cocaine-Related Disorders
Reinforcement (Psychology)
Salaries and Fringe Benefits
Cocaine
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Pregnant Women
Control Groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Cite this

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title = "A reinforcement-based Therapeutic Workplace for the treatment of drug abuse: Six-month abstinence outcomes",
abstract = "This study evaluated a novel drug abuse treatment, the Therapeutic Workplace. In this treatment, patients are paid to perform jobs or to participate in job training. Salary is linked to abstinence by requiring patients to provide drug-free urine samples to gain access to the workplace. Pregnant and postpartum drug abuse patients (N = 40) were randomly assigned to a Therapeutic Workplace or usual care control group. Therapeutic Workplace participants were invited to work 3 hr every weekday for 6 months and could earn up to $4,030 in vouchers for abstinence, workplace attendance, and performance. On average, 45{\%} of participants attended the workplace per day. Relative to controls, the Therapeutic Workplace nearly doubled patients' abstinence from opiates and cocaine (33{\%} vs. 59{\%} of thrice-weekly urine samples drug negative, respectively, p <.05). The Therapeutic Workplace can effectively treat heroin and cocaine abuse in pregnant and postpartum women.",
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