A randomized trial of a brief intervention to promote smoking cessation for parents during child hospitalization

Shawn Ralston, Charmaine Grohman, Dana Word, Janet Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background Parental smoking significantly increases the risk of child hospitalization for multiple illnesses. Parenting smokers may not have easy access to smoking cessation services elsewhere and a few interventions with this population in the inpatient setting have shown promising results. Methods We sought to evaluate the efficacy of a brief intervention with smoking parents on smoking cessation rates after child hospitalization with a randomized, controlled trial. Results Sixty smoking parents participated in the study. The majority of study participants were uninsured women under age 30 who smoked approximately half of a pack per day. There were no statistically significant differences between control and intervention groups for our outcomes. However, 45% (CI: 33-57%) of all participants reported at least one quit attempt during the 2-month study period and 18% (CI: 10-30%) of participants were quit at study conclusion. Conclusions Willingness to quit smoking was much higher than expected in this population of parenting smokers. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2013; 48:608-613. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)608-613
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric pulmonology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • child hospitalization
  • randomized trial
  • smoking cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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