A Randomized , Open-label Trial to Evaluate Switching to Elvitegravir/Cobicistat/Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Alafenamide plus Darunavir in Treatment-Experienced HIV-1 Infected Adults

Gregory D. Huhn, Pablo Tebas, Joel Gallant, Timothy Wilkin, Andrew Cheng, Mingjin Yan, Lijie Zhong, Christian Callebaut, Joseph M. Custodio, Marshall W. Fordyce, Moupali Das, Scott McCallister

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND:: HIV-infected, treatment-experienced adults with a history of prior resistance and regimen failure can be virologically suppressed but may require multi-tablet regimens associated with lower adherence and potential resistance development. METHODS:: We enrolled HIV-infected, virologically suppressed adults with 2- to 3-class drug resistance and at least 2 prior regimen failures into this phase 3, open-label, randomized study. The primary endpoint was the percentage of participants with HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/mL at week 24 (FDA snapshot algorithm). RESULTS:: For 135 participants (E/C/F/TAF plus DRV, n=89; baseline regimen, n=46), most of whom were taking a median of 5 tablets/day, simplification to E/C/F/TAF plus DRV was noninferior to continuation of baseline regimens at week 24 (plasma HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/mL: 96.6% vs 91.3%, difference 5.3%, 95.001% CI -3.4% to 17.4%). E/C/F/TAF plus DRV met prespecified criteria for noninferiority and superiority at week 48 for the same outcome. E/C/F/TAF plus DRV was well tolerated and had an improved renal safety profile compared with baseline regimens, with statistically significant differences between groups in quantitative total proteinuria and markers of proximal tubular proteinuria. Compared with baseline regimens, participants who switched to E/C/F/TAF plus DRV reported higher mean treatment satisfaction scale total scores and fewer days with missed doses. CONCLUSIONS:: This study demonstrated that regimen simplification from a 5-tablet regimen to the 2-tablet, once-daily combination of E/C/F/TAF plus DRV has durable maintenance of virologic suppression and improvements in specific markers of renal safety. Such a strategy may lead to greater adherence and improved quality of life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Oct 6 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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