Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of octreotide, a somatostatin analog, for treatment of postsurgical cystoid macular edema. Methods: Twenty-one patients with chronic, refractory postsurgical cystoid macular edema and Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study best-corrected visual acuity of 20/25 to 20/400 were randomized 2:1 to 30 mg monthly intramuscular octreotide or placebo. Outcome measures were visual acuity (primary) and macular thickness and fluorescein angiographic leakage (secondary). Results: Fourteen eyes received octreotide and seven eyes received placebo. Mean duration of cystoid macular edema was 2.65 and 1.99 years for Sandostatin long-acting release and placebo groups, respectively. Visual acuity at 6 months improved 2 lines in 7 of 14 eyes (50%) in the treatment group and 0 of 7 eyes in the placebo group (P = 0.046). Improvement in retinal thickening and angiographic leakage occurred in 3 of 13 eyes (23.1%) and 3 of 14 eyes (21.4%) of the treatment group, respectively, and in 1 of 7 eyes (14.3%) (P = 1.0 compared with the treatment group) and 0 of 7 eyes in the placebo group (P = 0.52 compared with the treatment group). The three eyes that improved in all parameters were treated with octreotide. Conclusion: Although there were no statistically significant differences between both groups in retinal thickening or angiographic leakage, octreotide-treated patients were more likely to experience a ≥2-line improvement in visual acuity. However, this observation cannot be generalized because of the small sample size.
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