A randomized, controlled trial of an intervention promoting cataract surgery acceptance in Rural China: The Guangzhou uptake of surgery trial (GUSTO)

Tianyu Liu, Nathan Congdon, Xixi Yan, Ling Jin, Ying Wu, David S Friedman, Mingguang He

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Abstract

PURPOSE. To evaluate an educational intervention promoting acceptance of cataract surgery in rural China using a randomized controlled design. METHODS. Patients aged 50 years or older with presenting visual acuity (PVA) less than 6/18 in one or both eyes due to cataract were recruited from 26 screening sessions (13 intervention, 13 control) conducted by five rural hospitals in Guangdong, China. At intervention sessions, subjects were shown a 5- minute informational video, and counseled about cataract, surgery, and surgical cost. During screening, all subjects answered questionnaires on knowledge and attitudes about cataract, their finances, and transportation, and were referred for definitive examination if eligible. Study outcomes were acceptance of surgery (principal outcome) and hospital followup. RESULTS. Subjects in the intervention group were younger than controls (P = 0.01), but the groups did not otherwise differ. Among 212 intervention patients and 222 controls, no differences in knowledge and attitude regarding cataract were found. Surgery was accepted by 31.1% of intervention patients and 34.2% of controls (P > 0.50). Predictors of acceptance included younger age, worse logMAR PVA, knowing that cataract can be treated surgically only, greater anticipated loss in income from hospitalization, and greater house floor space per person. Membership in the intervention group was not associated with accepting surgery (odds ratio [OR]=1.11, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.67-1.84) or hospital follow-up (OR= 1.03, 95% CI = 0.63-1.67). CONCLUSIONS. Educational interventions that successfully impart the knowledge that cataract can be only treated surgically may be more effective in increasing uptake in this setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5271-5278
Number of pages8
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Volume53
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2012

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Cataract
China
Randomized Controlled Trials
Visual Acuity
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Rural Hospitals
Hospitalization
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Costs and Cost Analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Medicine(all)

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A randomized, controlled trial of an intervention promoting cataract surgery acceptance in Rural China : The Guangzhou uptake of surgery trial (GUSTO). / Liu, Tianyu; Congdon, Nathan; Yan, Xixi; Jin, Ling; Wu, Ying; Friedman, David S; He, Mingguang.

In: Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Vol. 53, No. 9, 08.2012, p. 5271-5278.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "PURPOSE. To evaluate an educational intervention promoting acceptance of cataract surgery in rural China using a randomized controlled design. METHODS. Patients aged 50 years or older with presenting visual acuity (PVA) less than 6/18 in one or both eyes due to cataract were recruited from 26 screening sessions (13 intervention, 13 control) conducted by five rural hospitals in Guangdong, China. At intervention sessions, subjects were shown a 5- minute informational video, and counseled about cataract, surgery, and surgical cost. During screening, all subjects answered questionnaires on knowledge and attitudes about cataract, their finances, and transportation, and were referred for definitive examination if eligible. Study outcomes were acceptance of surgery (principal outcome) and hospital followup. RESULTS. Subjects in the intervention group were younger than controls (P = 0.01), but the groups did not otherwise differ. Among 212 intervention patients and 222 controls, no differences in knowledge and attitude regarding cataract were found. Surgery was accepted by 31.1{\%} of intervention patients and 34.2{\%} of controls (P > 0.50). Predictors of acceptance included younger age, worse logMAR PVA, knowing that cataract can be treated surgically only, greater anticipated loss in income from hospitalization, and greater house floor space per person. Membership in the intervention group was not associated with accepting surgery (odds ratio [OR]=1.11, 95{\%} confidence interval [CI] 0.67-1.84) or hospital follow-up (OR= 1.03, 95{\%} CI = 0.63-1.67). CONCLUSIONS. Educational interventions that successfully impart the knowledge that cataract can be only treated surgically may be more effective in increasing uptake in this setting.",
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N2 - PURPOSE. To evaluate an educational intervention promoting acceptance of cataract surgery in rural China using a randomized controlled design. METHODS. Patients aged 50 years or older with presenting visual acuity (PVA) less than 6/18 in one or both eyes due to cataract were recruited from 26 screening sessions (13 intervention, 13 control) conducted by five rural hospitals in Guangdong, China. At intervention sessions, subjects were shown a 5- minute informational video, and counseled about cataract, surgery, and surgical cost. During screening, all subjects answered questionnaires on knowledge and attitudes about cataract, their finances, and transportation, and were referred for definitive examination if eligible. Study outcomes were acceptance of surgery (principal outcome) and hospital followup. RESULTS. Subjects in the intervention group were younger than controls (P = 0.01), but the groups did not otherwise differ. Among 212 intervention patients and 222 controls, no differences in knowledge and attitude regarding cataract were found. Surgery was accepted by 31.1% of intervention patients and 34.2% of controls (P > 0.50). Predictors of acceptance included younger age, worse logMAR PVA, knowing that cataract can be treated surgically only, greater anticipated loss in income from hospitalization, and greater house floor space per person. Membership in the intervention group was not associated with accepting surgery (odds ratio [OR]=1.11, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.67-1.84) or hospital follow-up (OR= 1.03, 95% CI = 0.63-1.67). CONCLUSIONS. Educational interventions that successfully impart the knowledge that cataract can be only treated surgically may be more effective in increasing uptake in this setting.

AB - PURPOSE. To evaluate an educational intervention promoting acceptance of cataract surgery in rural China using a randomized controlled design. METHODS. Patients aged 50 years or older with presenting visual acuity (PVA) less than 6/18 in one or both eyes due to cataract were recruited from 26 screening sessions (13 intervention, 13 control) conducted by five rural hospitals in Guangdong, China. At intervention sessions, subjects were shown a 5- minute informational video, and counseled about cataract, surgery, and surgical cost. During screening, all subjects answered questionnaires on knowledge and attitudes about cataract, their finances, and transportation, and were referred for definitive examination if eligible. Study outcomes were acceptance of surgery (principal outcome) and hospital followup. RESULTS. Subjects in the intervention group were younger than controls (P = 0.01), but the groups did not otherwise differ. Among 212 intervention patients and 222 controls, no differences in knowledge and attitude regarding cataract were found. Surgery was accepted by 31.1% of intervention patients and 34.2% of controls (P > 0.50). Predictors of acceptance included younger age, worse logMAR PVA, knowing that cataract can be treated surgically only, greater anticipated loss in income from hospitalization, and greater house floor space per person. Membership in the intervention group was not associated with accepting surgery (odds ratio [OR]=1.11, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.67-1.84) or hospital follow-up (OR= 1.03, 95% CI = 0.63-1.67). CONCLUSIONS. Educational interventions that successfully impart the knowledge that cataract can be only treated surgically may be more effective in increasing uptake in this setting.

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