A randomized controlled trial comparing the Arctic Sun to standard cooling for induction of hypothermia after cardiac arrest

Kennon J. Heard, Mary Ann Peberdy, Michael R. Sayre, Arthur Sanders, Romergryko G. Geocadin, Simon R. Dixon, Todd M. Larabee, Katherine Hiller, Albert Fiorello, Norman A. Paradis, Brian J. O'Neil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Context: Hypothermia improves neurological outcome for comatose survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Use of computer controlled high surface area devices for cooling may lead to faster cooling rates and potentially improve patient outcome. Objective: To compare the effectiveness of surface cooling with the standard blankets and ice packs to the Arctic Sun, a mechanical device used for temperature management. Design, setting, and patients: Multi-center randomized trial of hemodynamically stable comatose survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Intervention: Standard post-resuscitative care inducing hypothermia using cooling blankets and ice (n = 30) or the Arctic Sun (n = 34). Main outcome measures: The primary end point was the proportion of subjects who reached a target temperature within 4 h of beginning cooling. The secondary end points were time interval to achieve target temperature (34 °C) and survival to 3 months. Results: The proportion of subjects cooled below the 34 °C target at 4 h was 71% for the Arctic Sun group and 50% for the standard cooling group (p = 0.12). The median time to target was 54 min faster for cooled patients in the Arctic Sun group than the standard cooling group (p < 0.01). Survival rates with good neurological outcome were similar; 46% of Arctic Sun patients and 38% of standard patients had a cerebral performance category of 1 or 2 at 30 days (p = 0.6). Conclusions: While the proportion of subjects reaching target temperature within 4 h was not significantly different, the Arctic Sun cooled patients to a temperature of 34 °C more rapidly than standard cooling blankets. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00282373, registered January 24, 2006.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-14
Number of pages6
JournalResuscitation
Volume81
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2010

Keywords

  • Hypothermia
  • Post-resuscitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Emergency
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Heard, K. J., Peberdy, M. A., Sayre, M. R., Sanders, A., Geocadin, R. G., Dixon, S. R., Larabee, T. M., Hiller, K., Fiorello, A., Paradis, N. A., & O'Neil, B. J. (2010). A randomized controlled trial comparing the Arctic Sun to standard cooling for induction of hypothermia after cardiac arrest. Resuscitation, 81(1), 9-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2009.09.015