Radiofrequency ablation of the atrioventricular (AV) junction may be performed using either a right- or left-sided approach. This study prospectively compared the left-sided approach with persistent attempts from the right side in patients in whom initial radiofrequency applications on the right side were unsuccessful. Twenty-one of 54 patients did not have complete AV block induced after 3 right-sided radiofrequency applications. These 21 patients were randomly assigned to undergo either the left-sided approach (n = 10) or to undergo additional attempts from the right side (n = 11). The right-sided approach was performed by positioning the ablation catheter to record the largest possible atrial and His bundle electrograms. The left-sided approach was performed by positioning the ablation catheter along the left ventricular septum, where a His bundle potential was recorded. If either approach was not successful after an additional 17 radiofrequency applications, the alternative approach was then used. The AV junction was successfully ablated in all 10 patients randomized to the left-sided approach, but in only 6 of 11 patients randomized to persistent right-sided attempts (p < 0.05). The 5 patients in whom the AV junction was not successfully ablated using the right-sided approach underwent the left-sided approach and had a successful outcome after a mean of 1.2 ± 0.4 radiofrequency applications. The left-sided approach required significantly fewer radiofrequency applications after randomization than the right-sided approach (3 ± 3.4 vs 11 ± 7.6, p < 0.01). In patients in whom initial attempts at ablation of the AV junction using a right-sided approach are unsuccessful, the left-sided approach is more effective and efficient than persistent attempts using the right-sided approach.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine