To facilitate the identification of the gene responsible for Clouston hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED), we used a chromosome 13-specific radiation hybrid panel to map 54 loci in the HED candidate region. The marker retention data were analyzed using RHMAP version 3. The 54 markers have an average retention frequency of 31.6% with decreasing retention as a function of distance from the centromere. Two-point analysis identified three linkage groups with a threshold lod score of 4.00; one linkage group consisted of 49 loci including the centromeric marker D13Z1 and the telomeric flanking marker for the HED candidate region D13S143. Assuming a centromeric retention model, multipoint maximum likelihood analysis of these 49 loci except D13Z1 provided a 1000:1 framework map ordering 29 loci with 21 unique map positions and ~2000 times more likely than the next Order. Loci that could not be ordered with this level of SUpport were positioned within a range of adjacent intervals. This map spans 347 cR9000, has an average resolution of 17.3 cR9000, and includes 3 genes (TUBA2, GJβ2, and FGF-9), 18 ESTs, 19 polymorphic loci, and 8 single-copy DNA segments. Comparison of our RH map to a YAC contig showed an inconsistency in order involving a reversed interval of 6 loci. Fiber-FISH and FISH on interphase nuclei analyses with PACs isolated from this region supported our order. We also describe the isolation of 8 new chromosome 13q polymorphic (CA)(n) markers that have an average PIC value of 0.67. These data and mapping reagents will facilitate the isolation of disease genes from this region.
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