A quantitative approach to the characterization of cumulative and average solvent exposure in paint manufacturing plants

D. Patrick Ford, Brian S. Schwartz, Susan Powell, Thomas Nelson, Larry Keller, Stephen Sides, Jacqueline Agnew, Karen Bolla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Previous reports have attributed a range of neurobehavioral effects to low-level, occupational solvent exposure. These studies have generally been limited in their exposure assessments and have specifically lacked good estimates of exposure intensity. In the present study, the authors describe the development of two exposure variables that quantitatively integrate industrial hygiene sampling data with estimates of exposure duration—a cumulative exposure (CE) estimate and a lifetime weighted average exposure (LWAE) estimate. Detailed occupational histories were obtained from 187 workers at two paint manufacturing plants. Historic industrial hygiene sampling data for total hydrocarbons (a composite variable of the major neurotoxic solvents present) were grouped according to 20 uniform, temporally stable exposure zones, which had been defined during plant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)226-234
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Industrial Hygiene Association Journal
Volume52
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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