A qualitative study on commercial sex behaviors among male clients in Sichuan Province, China

Cui Yang, Carl A. Latkin, Peng Liu, Kenrad Edwin Nelson, Cunlin Wang, Rongsheng Luan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Males who seek commercial sex have been identified as an important bridging population in the transmission of HIV. There is little information on the HIV-related risk perceptions and behaviors among commercial sex male clients (CSMCs) in China. This study reports qualitative findings from six focus groups and 41 in-depth interviews with CSMCs in Sichuan Province, China. Commercial sex visits were described as a group activity and associated with patterns of social-network specific interactions and norms. Primary motivations for visiting female sex workers included peer pressure, stress reduction, and fulfilling a need for an intimate and emotional support. Male clients' decisions about condom use were influenced by their perceived norms of condom use, susceptibility of HIV infection, and the condom policy and availability in the establishments. Implications of these findings for further research and interventions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)246-252
Number of pages7
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2010


  • China
  • Commercial sex
  • HIV
  • Male clients
  • Qualitative
  • Social norms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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