Human serum paraoxonase (PON1) is a high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-associated enzyme that is responsible for the protective effect of HDL against oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL). PON1 has a Glu to Arg polymorphism at codon 192 (CGA→CAA) which is designated R/Q192. The R/Q192 polymorphism has been associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) in several, but not all, case-control studies. We prospectively studied the association of the Q/R192 genotypes with the severity, progression and regression of CAD, plasma lipid levels, clinical events and response to treatment with fluvastatin in a well-characterized cohort. Genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction mapping with AlwI enzyme in 356 subjects in the Lipoprotein and Coronary Atherosclerosis Study (LCAS). Fasting plasma lipids were measured and quantitative coronary angiograms were obtained at baseline and 2.5 years following randomization to fluvastatin or placebo. A total of 177 (50%), 142 (40%) and 37 (10%) subjects had Q/Q, Q/R and R/R genotypes, respectively. Baseline and final plasma levels of HDL, LDL, triglyceride and other lipoproteins, lesion-specific minimum lumen diameters (MLD), mean MLD, number of coronary lesions and total occlusions at baseline and follow-up and clinical event rates were not significantly different among the genotypes. There was no genotype-treatment interaction with respect to plasma lipid levels and angiographic indices of CAD. The Q/R192 variants of PON1 are not associated with severity, progression or regression of coronary atherosclerosis, plasma lipid levels, clinical events, or response to treatment with fluvastatin. Thus, the Q/R192 polymorphism is not a major risk factor in susceptibility to CAD in the LCAS population.
- Coronary artery disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine