A Prospective, Randomized, Multicenter Trial Assessing a Novel Lysine-Derived Urethane Adhesive in a Large Flap Surgical Procedure without Drains

Joseph P. Hunstad, Joseph Michaels, A. Jay Burns, Sheri Slezak, W. Grant Stevens, Dottie M. Clower, J. Peter Rubin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a lysine-derived urethane adhesive as a noninvasive alternative to closed suction drains in a commonly performed large flap surgical procedure. Methods: One hundred thirty subjects undergoing abdominoplasty at five centers were prospectively randomized to standard flap closure with surgical drains (Control group) or a lysine-derived urethane adhesive (Treatment group) without drains. The primary outcome measured was the number of post-operative procedures, including drain removals (as the event marking the use of a surgical drain) and needle aspirations. Secondary endpoints included total wound drainage, cumulative days of treatment, and days to drain removal. A patient questionnaire evaluating quality of life measures was also administered. Results: Subjects in the Treatment group required significantly fewer post-operative procedures compared to the Control group (1.8 ± 3.8 vs. 2.4 ± 1.2 procedures; p < 0.0001) and fewer cumulative days of treatment (1.6 ± 0.4 vs. 7.3 ± 3.3; p < 0.0001). A procedure to address fluid accumulation was required for only 27.3 % of the subjects in the Treatment group versus 100 % of Control group, which by study design required the use of drains. The mean duration of use of indwelling surgical drains for the Control group was 6.9 ± 3.3 days. All fluid collections treated with percutaneous aspiration were resolved and there were no unanticipated adverse events. Conclusion: The results of the study support that the use of a lysine-derived urethane adhesive is a safe and effective alternative to drains in patients undergoing a common large flap surgical procedure. Level of Evidence I: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)616-624
Number of pages9
JournalAesthetic Plastic Surgery
Volume39
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 25 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Abdominoplasty
  • Adhesive
  • Drains
  • Flap surgery
  • Seroma
  • TissuGlu

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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